An Itinerary of Faith from the Middle Ages to Modern Times
At the turn of the first millennium, pilgrims were crossing Europe by the masses so that they could pray at the tomb of Peter the Apostle in Rome, some of which would then move on to the Holy Land, Jerusalem. Pilgrimage held a significance so great that the walks of faith, the roads connecting the most-frequented places of worship, villages, abbeys and lodging, began to develop. One of the most important of these still today is the Via Francigena.
The name "Francigena" indicates the road or roads that, from the “Land of the Franks”, carried pilgrims across the Alpine Mountains and on towards Rome.
Entry into Italy via the Alpine passes allowed the faithful to travel the Ancient Appian Way primarily, as well as the ancient Roman consulares roads, to get to Rome. Yet it was not until the diary of Sigerico (essentially an ancient guide book) was diffused that the number of travelers of the route multiplied.
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